All Posts in “depression”

Predicting Behavior Changes in Preschoolers

What will predict the changes in behavior problems for preschoolers over the course of the school year?  Researchers considered the predictive value of ineffective discipline by the parents, single parent status, the parents’ social support, parent involvement, and parent depression.  The findings showed that

  • parent social support predicted an improvement of behavior for boys over the course of the year
  • parental depression was associated with worsening behavior for girls
  • single parenthood and the level of involvement of parents were significant influences in a child’s behavior problems
  • ethnic differences were significant, suggesting the importance of cultural considerations when assisting these families

Abstract: Parent predictors of changes in child behavior problems, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

The “Right” Way to Parent at Night

Parents of an infant know that there are many opinions on how newborns should be treated regarding nighttime routines.  There are various books on how to get your child to sleep and keep them sleeping through the night.

Researchers looked at this issue, especially, ways in which parents managed nighttime care, levels of parent depression, and whether spouses agreed on how to manage nighttime parenting.  Criticism from spouses about the baby’s sleep location, the character of the mom’s sleep, and her symptoms of depression where important factors regarding family sleep arrangements and family adaptation. 

The conclusion: the optimal arrangement for nighttime parenting may be the one that  takes into account the unique quality of each family and what is a healthy and good fit for them.

Abstract: Sleep arrangements and maternal adaptation in infancy, Infant Mental Health Journal

Stressed Out and Tired: Moms with Children with Developmental Disabilities

Researchers examined numerous studies of the sleep and stress of mothers with children who have developmental disabilities.  These studies consistently showed that these mothers had higher levels of depressive symptoms, more stress, and poorer sleep. Further, the high levels of stress were not just occasional episodes.  Rather, these mothers experienced higher levels of stress consistently over time.  Also, there was a high correlation between a mother’s stress and behavior problems for the child with the disability.  The research suggests that these mothers (and their children) may benefit from attention focused on reducing their symptoms of stress and depression as well as ways to improve sleep.

Abstract: Maternal stress, well-being, and impaired sleep in mothers of children with developmental disabilities: A literature review, Research in Developmental Disabilities

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